In his book 'Excellent Sheep' (New York: Free Press 2014), William Deresiewicz offers a probing indictment of America's top universities which, with few exceptions, turn young people into narrow-minded and career-oriented drones, who are more likely to pad their resumes in order to secure a job in finance than to cultivate intellectual growth or develop world-changing insights. The student-inspired title of Deresiewicz's book (the term 'Excellent Sheep' is traced by Deresiewicz to a comment by a Yale student) is supplemented by two subtitles, joined together somewhat awkwardly with just an ampersand: 'The Miseducation of the American Elite' & 'The Way to a Meaningful Life'. While this three-part title reflects the three main strands of the book, they do not always sit very well together. Thus, BRB reviewer Bruce Fleming argues, it is unclear what the search for a 'meaningful life' has to do with the curricula of elite universities and the alleged miseducation of the elites: Surely Deresiewicz does not want to suggest that there can be universal institutionalized ways for finding one's true self and becoming the person one truly wants to be? We may all dream of being bohemians, but most of us aren't cut out for it. And even for those of us who are, the quest for meaning can hardly be reduced to the problem of curriculum reform.
Fairy tales seem quaint, imbued with the patina of a bygone age -- literary misfits in a modern world. Why, then, do they continue to be so remarkably popular? One reason is their appeal to timeless experiences, conflicts, and narratives that are intelligible across different traditions. In a new edition of a 1934 collection of 'modernized' fairy tales, which was first commissioned by Peter Davies (and has now been updated, with a new introduction, by Maria Tatar), much of the patina is stripped away from the olden stories -- and a significant dose of satire and black humour is added -- revealing just how much fairy tales can tell us also about the modern world. As reviewer Dieter Petzold observes, many of the modernized versions amplify the originals, by adding details that make their fictional world often seem 'more real' than the silhouette world of traditional folktales. And, perhaps more tellingly, virtually all modern writers take an ironic stance -- adding a layer of self-conscious awareness to the intrinsic strangeness of the worlds described.
The Berlin Review of Books aims to publish high-quality reviews of, and insightful essays based on, important recent books published in any language, with a focus on non-fiction. While it will often approach contemporary debates from a European perspective, it is open to intelligent contributions from around the globe. Our goal is to promote honest and knowledgeable debate of issues of real significance; for this reason, we are committed to financial and editorial independence. The Berlin Review of Books does not normally publish fiction or poetry, except by invitation.